Canadian Immigration 2016: A year in review

Posted by Immigration Law Team|Canada Immigration
Dec 16

Throughout 2016, Canada’s immigration system has shifted from a focus on traditional attributes such as education and skilled work experience, to a greater emphasis on core Canadian values, such as inclusivity, diversity, recognizing humanitarian principles and prioritizing well-rounded economic growth.

This past year, the Canadian government introduced several new initiatives which will allow companies in Canada to leverage both foreign talent and unique labour market opportunities. Focusing on simplifying the hiring process for foreign nationals, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (“IRCC”) announced the removal of visa requirements for certain countries, and the creation of both the TV/Entertainment industry exemption and the Global Skills Strategy. Changes to the Express Entry system provide better chances of success for international students, and foreign workers with Canadian work experience. The Employer Portal, introduced in late 2015, aims to smooth the work permit application process for Labour Market Impact Assessment (“LMIA”) exempt foreign workers. Finally, the application process for spousal sponsorship has been streamlined, with the objective of reducing processing times to 12 months or less.

The government has also recognized Canada’s diverse cultural landscape by re-introducing the Francophone Mobilité program, sponsoring over 35,000 Syrian refugees since late 2015, and proposing to increase the age of dependents to allow families coming to Canada to remain united. In doing so, IRCC has reintroduced Canada’s open immigration system and reinstated itself as a model for diverse yet balanced immigration policy.

Reflected in the 2017 immigration targets announced by IRCC in late October, family class targets were increased from 80,000 to 84,000, and economic class targets increased from 160,600 to 172,500. Refugee resettlement targets decreased from 55,800 to 40,000, however the government continues to double those resettlement targets set in 2015 and in years prior. These targets, combined with policy advancements, demonstrate a well-rounded and sustainable future for Canada’s immigration strategy.

1. Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)

As of November 10, 2016 citizens from visa-exempt countries excluding the US are required to obtain an eTA before flying to or through Canada. All visa-exempt travellers without an eTA will be prevented from boarding their flights to or through Canada. For more information, please see PwC Law’s blog post from April 29, 2016.

2. Canada Facilitates Entry for Citizens of Mexico, Bulgaria, Romania and Brazil

In 2016, many efforts were made to strengthen bilateral relationships with important Canadian trading partners and surrounding regions, thereby increasing business opportunities and investment. For instance, the Government of Canada announced the removal or softening of certain visa requirements for citizens of Mexico, Bulgaria, Romania, and Brazil.

Mexico: As of December 1, 2016, provided they hold a valid eTA, Mexican citizens are no longer required to hold a visa to enter Canada. Those Mexican citizens already holding a valid Canadian visa are exempt from the eTA requirement and can continue to travel to Canada on their valid visa. For more information about visa requirements for Mexican citizens,  please see PwC Law’s blog post from June 30, 2016.

Bulgaria and Romania: For information on current visa requirements for Romanian and Bulgarian citizens, please see PwC Law’s blog post from November 20, 2016.

Brazil: Although visa requirements for Romanian and Bulgarian citizens are similar, Brazilian citizens who have neither held a Canadian visa in the past ten years, nor who currently hold a valid US non-immigrant visa will still require a Canadian temporary resident visa.

3. Employer Compliance Portal

In late 2015, IRCC introduced the new “Employer Portal”, replacing the old, paper-based compliance regime.  For more information on the Employer Portal, please see PwC Law’s blog post from October 19, 2015.

4. Lights, Camera, Action: TV Production/Entertainment Industry Exemption Announced

The Canadian government expanded the International Mobility Program by introducing a new LMIA exemption to facilitate the issuance of work permits to certain foreign nationals employed in the TV and film sectors. This was done to support existing public investment in TV and film productions, as well as to recognize the significant economic benefit that high-value productions bring to Canada.

5. Bienvenue: Mobilité Francophone

In March 2016, IRCC announced a target of 4% francophone immigration under Canada’s Federal economic immigration stream by 2018. On June 1, 2016, as part of this effort, IRCC announced a new mobility stream. For more information, see PwC Law’s blog post from March 18, 2016.

6. Changes to the Express Entry System

In late 2016, the Canadian government introduced several change to the Express Entry system in an effort to meet the system’s objective of prioritizing candidates who have the strongest chances for economic success in Canada. For a summary of the changes, please see PwC Law’s blog post from November 11, 2016.

7. Changes to Family Reunification

In December 2016, the Government of Canada announced changes to both inland and overseas spousal sponsorship applications. For a summary of these changes, please see PwC Law’s blog post from December 8, 2016.

Canada also announced a new intake procedure for Parent and Grandparent sponsorship applications, detailed in PwC Law’s blog post from December 14, 2016.

8. Coming Soon – What to Expect in 2017

A. Age of Dependents

The Government of Canada has proposed to re-introduce and raise the maximum age at which a child may be considered a “dependent child” for immigration purposes, from 19 years of age to 22 years of age. Learn more about this change from PwC Law’s November 3, 2016 blog post.

B. Citizenship Changes

In early 2016, the government tabled a bill aimed at providing greater flexibility for Canadian permanent residents seeking to obtain citizenship. Specifically, the Act to Amend the Citizenship Act would reduce the period of time an applicant must be physically present in Canada prior to applying for citizenship and provide more flexibility in accruing this presence, thereby making it faster and less restrictive to meet this requirement. Further, the bill repeals the Minister’s ability to strip dual citizens who have been convicted of certain offences against Canada’s national interest of their Canadian citizenship. Finally, the bill restores the previous age range of 18-54 years for citizenship applicants to demonstrate knowledge of Canadian history and language skills.

C. Global Skills Strategy

Canada’s new ‘Global Skills Strategy  program is  intended to provide start up or fast-growing companies in Canada with quicker, more reliable access to highly qualified global talent, thus allowing them to better respond to emerging business opportunities in highly dynamic industry sectors. For more information, please see PwC Law’s blog post from December 1, 2016.


Changes to Canada’s immigration policy this past year have reflected a renewed, long-term outlook encompassing both economic growth and humanitarian considerations. Based on this progress, future Canadian immigration policy will continue to prioritize economic growth in key industry sectors, facilitating both permanent and temporary immigration to Canada and as such, employers can expect to benefit from future changes through easier access to skilled international talent. For more information on these changes, please contact a member of our team.

Posted by Immigration Law Team » No Comments »

Canada: Initial improvements to the Temporary Foreign Worker Program announced

Posted by Immigration Law Team|Canada Immigration, Temporary Foreign Worker Program
Dec 16

In brief

On December 13, 2016, Minister John McCallum, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, along with Minister MaryAnn Mihychuk, Employment, Workforce Development and Labour, announced several initial changes to the current Temporary Foreign Worker Program. In particular, effective immediately, the four-year cumulative rule will no longer apply to temporary foreign workers in Canada.


In response to calls for reform of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP), in 2016, the Canadian government undertook a study of the program. The appointed Standing Committee on Human Resources, Skills and Social Development and Status of Persons with Disabilities made several recommendations which included a need for the TFWP to more accurately reflect the realities of the Canadian labour market, a need to develop pathways to permanent residency for foreign workers, and a need to reform the Labour Market Impact Assessment process. The government expressed that it would table a full response to the Standing Committee’s recommendations in the New Year.

However, in the interim, Ministers McCallum and Mihychuk announced on December 13, 2016 that, effective immediately, the “four in, four out” rule would no longer apply. Outside certain prescribed exemptions, this rule previously limited a foreign worker’s eligibility to work in Canada to four years, cumulatively, at which point he or she would be ineligible to work in Canada for the next four years. The elimination of the rule alleviates stakeholder concerns that it created instability and hardship for both workers and employers.

In addition, the government announced that changes will soon be made to the advertising requirements for low-wage employers. Specifically, these employers will be required to target advertising to underrepresented groups in the workforce which may include youth, persons with disabilities, Indigenous people and newcomers.

Minister McCallum also noted that employers who accessed the TFWP before June 20, 2014 will continue to be subject to the 20% cap on the proportion of low-wage temporary foreign workers employed at a particular worksite. For those employers who accessed the program after June 20, 2014, the 10% cap will continue to apply. However, for employers in seasonal industries wishing to employ foreign workers for up to 180 days in 2017, the exemption to the cap will be extended until December 31, 2017.

Finally, the government announced that it is committed to continuing to develop pathways to permanent residency for those temporary foreign workers who do not currently have access.


With the abolishment of the “four-in, four-out” rule, an application for an extension of a work permit will be based on the category itself (which may impose its own maximum duration) but will no longer involve an overall assessment against a cumulative duration of four years, and then an analysis if any of the exemptions apply. Employers will gain more stability with their foreign worker labour force and foreign nationals will no longer face the hardship of having to leave Canada for four years.

However, employers in the low-wage sector may be subject to more stringent advertising requirements prior to being able to show genuine recruiting efforts were made within Canada. Finally, as part of the government’s commitment to creating feasible pathways to Permanent Residence, employers and foreign workers alike can expect to see new and creative programs making Canadian permanent residency more accessible.

For further information on the Temporary Foreign Worker Program, please contact PwC Law LLP.


Posted by Immigration Law Team » No Comments »

Canada: Changes to the intake process for the Parent and Grandparent Program

Posted by Immigration Law Team|Canada Immigration
Dec 16

In brief

As a further expression of its commitment to upholding the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act’s goal of family reunification, Minister McCallum announced on December 14, 2016 changes to the intake process for sponsorship applications under the Parent and Grandparent Program. Between January 3, 2017 and February 2, 2017, potential sponsors will need to complete an online expression of interest form, and wait to be randomly selected to submit their full sponsorship application packages.


In the past, the number of parent and grandparent sponsorship applications were limited by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) in order to manage the intake, interest and size of the program. However, recognizing its commitment to family reunification, the government is now taking steps to ensure the intake and application process is fair and accessible.

Beginning in 2017, the government will be implementing a lottery system in which potential sponsors will have 30 days to submit an expression of interest online. For 2017, potential sponsors will be able to submit their expression of interest online from January 3, 2017, when the program becomes available, up until February 2, 2017. At the end of the 30-day submission period, IRCC will randomly select 10,000 potential sponsors, and invite them to submit their full application packages.

Once invited to apply, each potential sponsor will have 90 days to submit their complete application to IRCC. Those individuals not invited to apply will be able to submit an online expression of interest again in 2018.


Previously, potential sponsors had to submit a complete application upon opening of the program and hope to be amongst the first accepted 10,000 applications.  While the number of applications accepted will still be limited to 10,000, this new intake process will create a more accessible and fair intake process for these sponsorship applications since potential sponsors will be able to submit an expression of interest online and a lottery system will determine those selected to provide the full application.

For more information on sponsorship applications under the Parent and Grandparent Program, please contact PwC LLP.


Posted by Immigration Law Team » No Comments »

Canada: Ministerial announcement on family reunification

Posted by Immigration Law Team|Canada Immigration
Dec 16

In brief

Minister McCallum announced that as of December 7, 2016, processing times for both inland and overseas spousal sponsorship applications would be reduced from approximately 24 months on average, to 12 months. Additionally, a new application kit will be available online on December 15, 2016.


In early 2016, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) reduced application processing times by 15 percent for inland applications and by 10 percent for overseas applications in an effort to promote the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act’s goal of family reunification. Today, Minister McCallum announced further reductions to the application processing times in order to meet that objective, keeping in mind that more complex cases may require more time.


The Canadian government announced that it plans to admit 64,000 spouses and dependents to Canada in 2017, and in order to facilitate this, has allocated $25 million in the federal budget to hiring additional resources and improving efficiency. In reviewing the current processes, Minister McCallum noted that the government has determined several ways to improve efficiency including:

– Using a single, new and simplified application kit for both inland and overseas applications

– Reducing the current application guide from 180 pages to 75 pages in an effort to simplify it, and replacing the current 14 checklists with four new document checklists depending on who is being sponsored (spouse, common-law spouse, conjugal partner or dependent child)

– Using one relationship questionnaire or evaluation form, rather than two questionnaires and one evaluation form, and

– Removing the requirement to provide police certificates and medical examinations upfront.

Minister McCallum also noted that there would not be changes to the security, criminal, medical and genuineness screening processes.

As mentioned, a new application kit for new sponsors will be available on December 15, 2016 on IRCC’s website. However, IRCC will continue to process applications using the current kit in the order they are received until January 31, 2017. After this date, IRCC will only accept applications using the new kit.

Additionally, the current pilot program giving open work permits to eligible spouses or partners who are being sponsored through the inland application process and are currently in Canada will be extended until December 21, 2017.

For further information on spousal sponsorship applications, please contact PwC Law LLP.

Posted by Immigration Law Team » No Comments »

Canada: New Global Skills Strategy announced

Posted by Immigration Law Team|Canada Immigration
Dec 16

In brief

The Honourable John McCallum, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and the Honourable Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada have jointly announced the creation of a new Global Skills Strategy designed to benefit fast growing industry sector companies within Canada.


Currently, key personnel entering Canada to assist with the high growth or start-up activities of companies in Canada must do so pursuant to a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or under an LMIA exempt work permit category. In response to key stakeholder demand and a recognition that the current immigration rules do not respond quickly enough to allow Canadian companies to capitalize on emerging opportunities, the Global Skills Strategy announced on November 30, 2016 will give companies in Canada quicker access to highly qualified global talent, allowing them to better respond to business opportunities emerging in highly dynamic industry sectors.

To be implemented later in 2017, the Global Skills Strategy will:

– Establish a two-week processing time for visas and work permits for low-risk, highly skilled talent seeking to work for companies in Canada

– Create a dedicated service channel for companies seeking to make large investments in the Canadian economy, which will result in job creation for Canadian citizens/permanent residents

– Allow foreign nationals entering Canada on very short-term assignments (30 days or less) in low risk fields or in academia to work in Canada without requiring a work permit


Upon implementation of this program, companies in Canada seeking to scale up or start operations in Canada will be able to respond more quickly to the changing economic landscape by having as close to real-time access to key talent as possible. The Global Skills Strategy recognizes that in the innovation sector, companies often require highly skilled talent within days, and this new initiative will allow companies within Canada to respond to opportunities more rapidly than is possible under the current rules and regulations. The specific industries which will benefit most from this new strategy remain to be determined, however companies in highly innovative sectors in Canada, such as the pharmaceutical or information technology sectors, can expect to benefit from this new initiative.

For more information on access to key global talent and Canada’s current Temporary Foreign Worker Program and International Mobility Program, please contact PwC Law LLP.


Posted by Immigration Law Team » No Comments »